7 Types of Guitar Chords for Beginners to Master in 2024

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Starting your musical journey with the guitar and feeling lost in the maze of chords and music theory?

Learning guitar chords is crucial, not just for strumming along to your favorite tunes but for building a deeper musical understanding. However, the sheer variety of chords can seem overwhelming.

If you’re like many beginners, you might wonder where to start.

Let’s face it—jumping into the deep end without a clear grasp of the basic guitar chords can make learning the guitar more of a chore than a joy. This can be disheartening, and sometimes, it might even make you think about hanging up your guitar for good.

But here’s a breath of fresh air: I’ve pinpointed the seven key types of guitar chords that you need to master in 2024. I dug into these chords when I first picked up my guitar.

This streamlined approach will make your practice sessions more structured and enjoyable and set a solid foundation for your future musical endeavors.


  • Master seven foundational guitar chords.
  • Gain the skills to play a broad spectrum of songs.
  • Lay the groundwork for more advanced guitar techniques.

So, let’s get strumming and turn those baffling charts into beautiful music!

guitar chords

7 Types of Guitar Chords

When you’re starting out on guitar, getting to know your way around the various guitar chords can feel like learning a new language.

But don’t worry. Once you understand how to read a chord diagram and locate the positions on the guitar neck, you’ll find that it becomes second nature. Let’s break down the seven essential guitar chords that every beginner should focus on mastering. These include:

  • Open chords are perfect for beginners because they use only a few strings and are played at the top of the guitar neck.
  • Then, major and minor chords are the backbone of countless songs across various genres.
  • Power chords come next; they’re simple and create a full, resonant sound despite their simplicity.
  • Barre chords are a bit more challenging as they require you to use one finger across multiple strings, but they are incredibly versatile.
  • And let’s not forget about dominant 7th and diminished chords, which add depth and tension to your playing.

By starting with these foundational guitar chords and learning to read chord diagrams effectively, you’ll set yourself up for a versatile and fulfilling guitar-playing journey, whether you prefer acoustic or electric guitars.

Open Guitar Chords

Open guitar chords are a fantastic starting point for beginner guitarists.

These chords involve strumming across some open strings, meaning you don’t have to fret every string you play. They’re played at the top of the guitar neck and are crucial because they form the basis of numerous popular songs.

Getting comfortable with open guitar chords boosts your confidence and enhances your ability to transition smoothly between chords.

open guitar chords

Major Chords

Major chords are the heart of many songs and are essential for beginner guitarists to master.

A major chord has a bright and happy sound, which is why it’s featured so heavily in various music genres. Learning these chords can feel like a big win as you start your guitar journey.

They involve a combination of fretted notes and often open strings, depending on the chord and position on the guitar neck. The great thing about major chords is that you recognize patterns that make learning others much easier once you know a few.

major guitar chords

Here are some chords you can check out:

Minor Chords

Minor chords add a touch of melancholy and depth to your music, making them just as crucial as their major counterparts for beginner guitarists.

When you play a minor chord, you’ll notice it has a sadder, more introspective sound. This is due to the small but impactful shift in how you place your fingers on the guitar strings.

Learning these guitar chords introduces you to a new layer of emotional expression through your instrument.

minor guitar chords

Here are some chords you can check out:

Power Chords

Power chords are the rock stars of the guitar world!

Known for their simplicity and impactful sound, these guitar chords consist of just two or three notes, making the chord shapes easy for you to grasp and move around the fretboard. A power chord is played using a combination of fretted notes across different strings but without any complex finger positioning.

This simplicity makes them a favorite among beginner guitarists, especially those keen to play rock, punk, or metal music. Crank your amp and give one a try!

Barre Chords

Barre chords are a big step up for beginner guitarists.

These guitar chords involve pressing down multiple strings across the same fret with one finger—usually your index finger—while other fingers form the particular chord shape. Mastering a barre chord opens up the entire guitar neck, allowing you to play the same chord in multiple positions.

Although they can be tricky initially due to the strength and precision required, their versatility is worth the effort.

barre guitar chords

Dominant 7th Guitar Chords

Dominant 7th chords are some of the most flavorful and popular chords you can learn.

These chords add a layer of complexity and a slightly unresolved, bluesy feel to music, making them a favorite in many songs across genres like blues, jazz, and rock. The structure of a dominant 7th includes the root, major third, perfect fifth, and a minor seventh. 

This combination creates a sound that’s both rich and a bit tense, begging for resolution.

dominant 7th guitar chords

Here are some chords you can check out:

Diminished Guitar Chords

Diminished chords might not be the first chords you learn, but they’re fascinating additions to your repertoire, mainly because of their unique, tense sound.

Diminished chords are less commonly used than other popular chords, but they play a crucial role in adding drama and intrigue to a piece of music. They are formed through specific finger placements that include two minor thirds about the root note (so you’d have the root, minor third, and diminished fifth).

As you become comfortable with these placements, diminished chords can really spice up transitions in your songs, creating an eerie or suspenseful effect that captivates listeners.

What Are Guitar Chords?

A guitar chord is formed when you play three or more notes simultaneously on your guitar.

This combination creates a rich, full sound foundational to almost every song you love. The magic of guitar chords lies in how these notes blend together, each chord offering a unique mood and sonic texture.

The variety is vast, from a major chord’s joyous burst to a minor’s poignant depth. Understanding and mastering the art of strumming these chords opens up a world of musical possibilities, allowing you to express a range of emotions through your playing.

Other Chords Worth Checking Out

Here are some other chords not covered in the 7 types we’ve talked about that are worth a look:

How Can Guitar Chords Benefit You?

Learning guitar chords is not just about strumming along to songs; it’s about unlocking a new form of personal expression.

By mastering different variations and your ability to read each guitar chord chart, you gain the flexibility to adapt and play a vast array of music. This skill enhances your musical ear, improves your finger dexterity, and boosts your understanding of music theory.

Whether you’re jamming with friends or playing a solo piece, quickly switching between chords allows you to express your musical ideas more effectively and creatively.

Final Thoughts

acoustic guitar thought bubble in sunroom

As we wrap up, remember that each guitar chord you learn, whether it’s a simple major chord on an acoustic or a complex barre chord on an electric guitar, brings you one step closer to becoming the musician you aspire to be.

These chords are the building blocks of music, providing you with the tools to explore new sounds, genres, and techniques. Keep practicing, stay patient, and most importantly, enjoy the journey.

The world of guitar is vast and full of exciting possibilities waiting for you to strum your way through!


acoustic guitar question mark in sunroom

What chords to learn first on guitar?

Starting your guitar journey can be overwhelming, with so many different chords to choose from.

If you’re wondering which guitar chords to tackle first, start simple. Focus on mastering the essential open chords, such as C, A, G, E, and D. 

These are foundational and appear in countless songs, so grab your pick and give them a try!

What is the hardest basic guitar chord?

Regarding the basics, one guitar chord often gives beginners a bit of trouble: the F major chord.

This chord is challenging because it’s a barre chord. It requires you to press down on multiple strings with one finger across the entire first fret while keeping the other fingers in place for the chord shape. It’s a real test of finger strength and agility, especially for those just starting.

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